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This study attempts to identify the impacts of the recent change in the fertilizer subsidy programme in Sri Lanka on the wellbeing of the rice farming households and how they respond to the change.
The study focuses on understanding and substantiating the reasons behind technology adoption or rejection from the experience and perspective of the paddy farmers and those responsible for planning research and technology and disseminating technology to the farmers.
CEPA is a core member of the Secure Livelihoods Research Consortium (SLRC): researching livelihoods and services affected by conflict. The SLRC aims to provide a stronger evidence base about how people make a living, educate their children, deals with illness ad access basic services in fragile and conflict affected situations. The Overseas Development Institute (ODI) is the lead organization in the SLRC, and other core partners include the Feinstein International Centre (Tufts University, Massachusetts) and Save the Children, UK. The core consortium will be complemented by a network of affiliates comprising the Afghan Research and Evaluation Unit (AREU), the Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI), Disaster Studies of Wageningen University (WUR), the Nepal Research Group, the Small Arms Survey and the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO). 2011 is the inception year of the SLRC and CEPA has been contributing to the development of research questions and the consortium’s theory of change by developing an evidence paper on the work that already exists on livelihoods, basic service provision and social protection in Sri Lanka, carrying out stakeholder consultations and experimenting with media mapping. CEPA also backstopped the evidence paper production and stakeholder consultation in Nepal. Following the inception year, the programme is expected to continue for another 5 years.
The research focuses on three interlinked thematic areas and one crosscutting area on People’s and community responses; Governance of state institutions, policies and interventions; Aid – roles of aid agencies and non-state actors and crosscutting area on building blocks for livelihoods, basic services and social protection.
The SLRC is undertaking research in seven focus countries, including Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, the Democratic Republic of Congo, South Sudan and Uganda. The Sri Lanka research programme is being led the Centre for Poverty Analysis (CEPA), based in Colombo, Sri Lanka.
SLRC’s Sri Lankan research programme looks primarily at processes of post-conflict resettlement, exploring how resettled populations are accessing basic services, livelihoods and social protection in a post-war context. More specifically, the research programme will focus on the impacts of the actions of state, non-state and private sector actors on small-scale fisher households in the north and east of Sri Lanka during the post-conflict rehabilitation phase. Fishing is an important livelihood activity in the coastal north and east, and is also believed to be a sector which could potentially contribute quite significantly to the growth of the national economy. In addition, the focus on small-scale fishing as an important source of livelihoods will help capture subsidiary and alternative livelihood options, such as migration for employment, which women and men adopted during the course of the conflict as coping strategies. Finally, the programme will also help us to understand how macro-level policy decisions have impacted upon women and men in poor fishing families in the post-war period.
OXFAM’s GROW aims at ensuring food security in Sri Lanka by promoting an improved food production system which prioritizes the rights of small-scale food producers. The increasing large scale land acquisitions in Sri Lanka for infrastructure, recreational facilities and economic development and security reasons are seen to impact on the rights of these small scale agricultural and fisheries food producers. OXFAM thus commissioned CEPA to prepare an analysis of laws and policies under which land acquisitions are carried out by different actors and the rights and remedies these laws provide for, for the affected. Secondly CEPA also carried out 4 case studies at locations chosen by OXFAM where displacement has occurred due to large scale land acquisitions or is likely to occur. OXFAM will use these case studies to mobilise the civil society to lobby for rights of the poor and marginalised and influence policy makers on the impact of acquisition on food security and livelihoods of small-scale food producers.
Indigenous forms of charity and philanthropy are increasingly recognised as playing central roles in social, economic, and health development. The study was conducted in Colombo and investigated Buddhist, Hindu, Christian, Muslim and secular forms of giving – including CSR – in the form of cash, kind or time, and assess their contribution towards achieving development goals.
The overall aims of the project were to produce policy briefs and good practice guides to support development-orientated charity and philanthropy activities in Sri Lanka, as well as to encourage further dialogue and exchange between stakeholder groups. As such, the project will be of interest to Sri Lankan charitable and philanthropic organisations, corporate sector CSR initiatives, religious leaders and groups, governmental and non-governmental development (local and international) organisations, donor agencies and academics with research interests in these fields.
This study was carried out by CEPA in partnership with COMPAS with the support of the International Development Research Council (IDRC) as a part a global study being implemented in Haiti and Liberia. The project explored the ways in which different elements of the Sri Lanka Diaspora influence recovery in Sri Lanka, the engagement in social, economic and political spheres, its role in reconfiguring social relations and the ways in which Diaspora influence is mediated or constrained by homeland counterparts.
CEPA is in partnership with ACTED’s (Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development) European Commission-funded project titled “Community Driven Development and Pro-Poor Economic Growth for Conflict-Affected Populations in Northern and Eastern Sri Lanka”. The project aims to improve the living conditions of conflict-affected communities in Northern and Eastern Sri Lanka through improved access to collective assets and infrastructure, better public service provision and increased opportunities for sustainable livelihoods.
CEPA‘s role is to conduct detailed Value Chain Analysis of 40 Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) which were previously supported by the ACTED in 2 Divisional Secretariat Divisions in Trincomalee (Kuchaveli and Padavi Sri Pura) and 2 in Batticaloa (Vellavely and Paddipalai). CEPA will carry out a sample study of 40 SMEs depend on the geographical location, types and scale of production.
CEPA worked in partnership with the Open University of Sri Lanka to conduct a research study for the United Nations Development Programme on the National Human Development Report 2014. The NHDR 2014 proposes that development issues of youth are identified through understanding how they experience wellbeing and the process of development. The main methodology used for the study was an island-wide survey. In addition, a variety of qualitative research methods were used to capture further insights.
Sri Lankan think-tank promoting a better understanding of poverty-related development issues. CEPA believes that poverty is an injustice that should be overcome and that overcoming poverty involves changing policies and practices nationally and internationally, as well as working with people in poverty.
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